MINIONU is almost here, only 144 hours left.

Fellows, great times are coming! And NO, it is not Budweiser advertisement, it is MINIONU. Rá! As you see, we are excited and looking forward to meet you. Hope you are well prepared and the countdown has started! Cheers!

6days

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Agenda

Fellows, here is an important information. During the days of MINIONU, the debate will follow this agenda. I want to make it clear: the focus of the UNSC is security. We are not going to largely discuss human rights and refugees. However, we are going to relate these terms to our discussion about security. Follows under the agenda.

1- Increase of syrian refugees: the issue of the Syria’s neighbors and how it affects the security of the Middle East.

2- Humanitarian issue and violence. Analyze the quantity of civilian deaths and the need of ceasefire.

3- Use of chemical weapons and its consequences to the International Community.

 

If you have any concern, please contact us.

Cheers,

Lucas Marinho.

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Last Trainning. Less than two weeks to MINIONU, get ready delegates!

Mr. Delegates, we have more ten days until MINIONU starts, and the Chair has been working hard to do a great job! Therefore, we decided to take a picture and show our happinness and beauty! Hahahaha

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From left to the right: Vitor Tozo (Assistant Director), Lucas Marinho (Director), Daniele Salum (Assistant Director), Rodrigo Duarte (Assistante Director)

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Know your Human Rights

Hey guys hope everyone is excited with MINIONU being so close now. I am sending you guys a link to a video that presents all 30 of the human rights. A reminder though, the committee will not focus on Human Rights and will have its central points within a security debate. Later this week we will be posting a text that will apply the human rights problem in Syria within a security debate. So stay tuned.  

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Syrian Crisis – A timeline of the conflict

To help the delegates with the order of the most important facts that took place in Syria’s conflict, the Chair translated a timeline of the conflict elaborated by teacher Maria Rita Reis.

March 2011: Pro-democratic protests intensify after the torture of youngsters who painted their school’s walls with revolutionary slogans / Violent repression from the government (death of protesters) / More protests ask for Assad’s replacement.

April 2011: Governmental measures to appease the population (end of the Emergency State that has been issued for 48 years) / Accusation of protesters being Israeli agents.

May 2011: The Syrian Army enters Daraa (where said protests began), Homs and the suburb of Damascus to supress protests, accusing “armed criminal gangs” for the violence / The United States and European Union raise the sanctions against Syria / Assad announces amnesty for political prisioners.

June 2011: The government accuses “armed groups” of killing soldiers / City siege – 10,000 civilians flee to Turkey / Promisses of dialogue over reformations / the Government still accuses external agents of starting the protests.

July 2011: More protests spread across the country and are supressed by the Army / Assad’s opposition gathers in Turkey to form a coalition / It accuses the Government of making “cosmetic reformations” / International condemnation of the excessive use of violence in protest supressions.

August 2011: Great protests at the end of Ramadan / Syrian Armed Forces, with the help of tanks and snipers, keep fighting protests / the Government declares it is fighting “terrorists” and it won’t stand down / the Free Syrian Army declares having kidnapped 48 Iranian shiites, supposed members of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard.

October 2011: The Syrian National Council is created aiming to finish Assad’s rule and establish a democratic regime / Russia and China veto a resolution condemning Syria.

November 2011: The Arab League issues Syria’s suspension and imposes sanctions / Fast militarization of the opposition / Syrian Army’s desertes (Free Syrian Army) attack a military base near Damascus / Government supporters attack embassies.

December 2011: Syria accepts an initiative from the Arab League of sending Arab observers to the country / Thousands of people gather at Homs to receive them, but the mission is cancelled the following month due to an increase in violence in the country / Government and opposition exchange accusations about the authorship of suicidal attacks.

January 2012: The US, England and France condemn Russia for selling weapons to Syria / Great demonstrations of support towards the Free Syrian Army, despite the violent repression / Strikes and another forms of civil disobedience take place across the country / Death numbers keep rising.

February 2012: Russia and China veto another resolution on the Syrian crisis at the Security Council / Russia and China support instead a resolution based on Kofi Annan’s peace plan (a new Constitution banning the Ba’ath party’s monopoly, etc.) / Government intensifies the bombing over Homs and other cities / Violent repression comes to alarming levels.

March 2012: Situation arises as a civil war / Activists report civilian massacres / The UNSC endorses Kofi Annan’s peace plan along with the Arab League, after a review of the original text required by Russia and China / There is no consensus about a formal resolution / Al Nusra assumes the authorship of the first terrorist attack / The European Union imposes sanctions on Assad and his family.

May 2012: Despite the presence of UN monitors, the violence persists / Security Council condemns the use of heavy ammunition by the Syrian government and the murder of more than 100 civilians comitted by militias / More civilian massacres are reported, including women, children and summary executions.

June 2012: UN observers arrive at Syria to implement Annan’s peace plan, but return this very month due to violence level increase / Syrian Government’s employees start to desert / Tensions with Turkey, air space violation / Syria declares to be officially at war / Many fronts in the country / Massacre reports multiply.

July 2012: Syrian minister of Foreign Affairs declares the use of chemical weapons only in case of external aggression / Thousands of civilians flee to neighboring countries / Kurd Forces establish control over northeastern Syria.

August 2012: Annan doesn’t renew his mandate as the UN and Arab League’s envoy / UN’s General Assembly approves resolution for Assad’s firing / High office employees of the Syrian government desert.

September 2012: Increase of violations to human rights by the Assad regime / the Human Rights Watch accuses opposition groups of comitting war crimes.

October 2012: Number of deaths excedes 100 per day / Refugees’ situation aggravates / First death case in a fight between arab Syrians and kurd Syrians / Tensions at the border with Turkey / the PKK (Kurdistan Workers’ Party) threatens to intervene in case the conflicts persist / Syria and Turkey ban eachother from their respective air spaces / the historical market in Aleppo is destroyed / the US tags Jabhat al Nusra as a terrorist group.

November 2012: Opposition factions agree to unite themselves to create the Syrian National Council (SNC) and the Opposition Forces / Islamic militias and Kurds refuse to take part in the agreement / Tension with Israel after a Syrian mortar hits an Israeli military post (Israel answers with artillery).

December 2012: The US, England, Spain, France, Turkey and the Gulf states recognize the SNC as the legitimate representation of the Syrian people / Number of deaths and refugees rises exponentially / The conflict assumes sectarian conflict traits.

January 2013: Multiple reports of civilian massacres / Assad declares he won’t resign / The opposition refuses to negotiate with Assad / 50 members of the UN wants the investigation of both party by the International Court.

February 2013: “Undescribible” humanitarian situation / Refugees multiply / Rebels try to establish governments in areas under their command.

March 2013: SNC and Opposition Forces elect a Prime Minister / US and England promise non-military help for the rebels / England and France propose reverting the weapon embargo established by the EU.

April 2013: Evidence of the use of Sarin gas emerge / the Hezbollah helps the government retake parts of the country.

May 2013: Israel attacks Syria – the local is pledged to hold Iranian missiles to be delivered to Hezbollah / Crossfire at the Golan Heights / EU leaders don’t renove the weaponry embargo on Syria / Fragmentation of the secular and religious opposition.

June 2013: Prime Minister of the SNC and Opposition Forces quits after not managing to form an unified government, other takes his place / Rebels keep asking for help and weapons to fight against the Assad forces / Iraqi shiite militants start crossing the border in bigger numbers.

August 2013: UN inspectors arrive at Syria to investigate the use of chemical weapons / Discussion over an intervention in Syria intensifies / Fights among rebels: the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) kills the commander of the Free Syrian Army (FSA) / Al Qaeda affiliates fight against Kurds in the north / ISIS imposes a brutal regime in the regions under its command / 40,000 Syrian kurds flee to the Iraqi Kurdistan.

September 2013: Syria agrees to a Russian proposal of destroying its chemical weapons arsenal / Syrian minister of Foreign Affairs, in a speech at the UN General Assembly, states that Syria is not at a civil war, but a war against terror / UN inspector concludes chemical weapons were used, but doesn’t appoint its source / Accusations exchange over the authorship of the chemical attacks.

October 2013: Security Council approves a resolution demanding the destruction of Syrian chemical weapons arsenal / The arsenal starts to be dismantled / Fight between rebels continues / Syrian National Coalition tries to form a transition government.

November 2013: Second peace conference between government and several opposition groups is appointed for the end of January / Disagreement between coalition members over requirements to partake in negotiations.

December 2013: US and England suspend “non-lethal” help to rebels after the news of islamic rebels took over FSA’s bases / In order to contain ISIS, other rebels groups merge into the “Islamic Front”.

January 2014: The peace conference, Geneva II, does not advance / SNC still refuses to negotiate with the government / Syrian government imposes siege and drops “barrel bombs” in areas controlled by rebels / Fight bewteen ISIS and the Islamic Front intensifies (1,400 deaths between Jan 1st- Jan 23th).

February 2014: Secon round of negotiations in Geneva fails / After failure of the diplomatic way, Saudi Arabia supposedly prepares raise in weaponry support to southern rebels / Elimination of chemical weapons goes slowly, out of deadline / Highest number of deaths per day since the beginning of the war / UNSC resolution raises humanitarian aid and condemns all terrorist attacks perpetrated by Al Qaeda affiliated groups.

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Rules Guide

Hi fellows! Here is our rules guide, and it is important to remember that we are gonna use the greek moderation. Therefore, it is essential that you read and study it before MINIONU, so you will be able to follow our rules resume in the first session. Furthermore, if you have any problem or concern, please contact us on Facebook, or you can contact me as well. Just look for Lucas Marinho or go to the “Contact” section of this blog to get the direct link. Cheers!!

UNSC – Rules Guide

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Facebook group

The official UNSC – 15° MINIONU group has been created. Seeing as we do not have access to the list of delegates yet, we would like to ask you guys to add yourselves and any friends who will be partaking in the committee. The group will be used as a place of interaction inbetween delegates and staff members. Feel free to introduce yourselves and anounce which country you shall be representing. It will be a pleasure to meet and interact with you guys. 

The link to the group is: https://www.facebook.com/groups/711077745651317/

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Welcome!

Mr. and Mrs. Delegates, you are welcome to participate on this Council, and it is a pleasure to have you all engaged in our committee. As you already know, we are going to discuss the issues that concern the crisis in Syria, therefore we hope you have started working on your preparation. We are looking forward to see you, and feel free to ask for help in case of any problem. 

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Theme

The conflict in Syria started when 14 students were imprisoned and tortured after they tagged school walls with phrases that showed that they wanted the end of the current regime. Their imprisonment led to revolts in Deera (located in the south of Syria) which were harshly reprimanded with a disproportional response, by the Syrian government, which killed four protesters. The next day as the funeral of the four protesters was occurring the government once again reprimanded the citizens of Deera and ended up killing one more person. These actions caused the protests to start to spread within Syria. With an increase in violence the once peaceful protest that had an objective of gaining more political freedom now became more radical demanding that Bashar al-Assad renounced as president. In the midst of all the conflict an episode occurred in which chemical weapons where used in a region located in Damascus. This put the conflict into a whole new spotlight in which both government and rebels were accusing one another of having used the weapons.

With all of this happening, the international community started to get involved when the Arabian League asked the United Nations Security Council for help. With strong debates surrounding the topic, the delegates will reunite with an intention to discuss the situation and present possible solutions. During the days of debates there will be a focus on topics like the humanitarian consequences and what can be done in relation to humanitarian relief. On top of that, there will also be debates in relation to the role of neighboring countries, remembering that the region is a highly unstable region with lots of conflicts of diverse nature and the possibility of using force to resolve this conflict. With this last topic, it must be remembered that Syria is a sovereign country and this must be respected, so it is necessary to debate if it is possible to use force and, if so, in which conditions. Finally, the use of chemical weapons and the consequences of their use will be discussed, as the use of chemical weapons on a civil population is an infringement of human rights.

For these debates the delegates will be able to use any piece of information that they can find until February of 2014. Any information after this set date will not be considered.  

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Winners of the MINIONU’s training.

Our staff won the first place at the competition last weekend. The coordination organised a quiz about the rules and procedures that should be taken during the session, in which all committees had a chance to participate. As a result, our staff of the UNSC  defeated all oponents! Cheers.

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